What are Divisional Charts in Vedic Astrology?

In Sanskrit divisions is known as Varga. So in Vedic Astrology divisional charts are also known as Varga Charts. The Varga charts, are a unique method employed by the ancient seers to study various aspects of life. There are 16 important divisional charts (recommended by Parashar, one of the ancient authorities on Vedic Astrology) and they are studied to analyze the finer conditions, strengths and effects of the planets. These charts are also employed to study certain specific aspects of life like spouse, children, parents etc. Each rasi of 30 degrees is further subdivided and by employing a series rules new additional charts are made.


A divisional chart is erected by dividing a sign into parts. For example, if we want to prepare a divisional chart for one-ninth part of a sign (Rasi), we will divide the 30 degrees that is the extent of a sign in nine equal parts of 3 degrees and 20 minutes each. We have a standard methodology for reckoning the signs of natal planets (planetary position as noted at the time of birth) as well as the rising degree of the ascendant in the divisional chart for ninth part, which is known as the navamsa or the D9 chart.


It is important to note that accuracy of divisional charts depends entirely on accuracy of birth time. Varga charts can be exceptionally useful. However, if accurate birth time is not available, divisional charts are misleading, and should be ignored.


A good astrologer, usually checks the accuracy of the varga charts by asking many questions to his or her clients to match the events of one’s life with the varga chart. This helps in birth time rectification to the level seconds and also to draw the accurate varga charts and provide highly accurate predictions. Although many clients get annoyed by the astrologers when they ask so many questions.  In few Varga Charts like D60 the signs change house every 30 seconds. That is the reason why accurate birth time is so important for birth predictions.

The 16 Divisional charts and their purpose is listed below.

D-1 Radix Or “Rashi Kundali” or natal chart – for material life

The Rashi chart (D-1) is the 30 degrees of a sign divided by one. This is the whole person and contains within it everything past, present and future. The divisional charts are all derived from this one chart. For the most part the strength of the planets can be analyzed by the signs they go to in the divisional charts. Usually there will be a planet that consistently goes to strong placements in the majority of the vargas. This will indicate this planet gives good results. The vargas must always be used in relationship to the rashi, for they are derived from the rashi.


D-2 Hora – for wealth

The Hora chart (D-2) divides the 30 degrees by 15, two divisions each. This division divides the chart into Male (Sun) and Female (Moon) energies. This chart is to assess the wealth of the individual. It is a closer look at the 2nd house. If most of the planets are in the Sun’s hora (Leo) they have to work a harder for wealth. More planets in the Moon’s hora (Cancer) will not have to strive so hard for wealth.


D-3 Drekkhana – for siblings

This chart will take a closer look at siblings, courage, energy and life force. Mars is the most important planet in this chart.


The drekkana chart (D-3) divides the 30 degree sign into 3 parts each 10 degrees. The signs remain in the same element. The first 10 degrees will be the sign ruled by the planet, the second 10 degrees will be in the sign of the same element that follows next in the zodiac or 5 signs away, the last 10 degrees will be in the last sign of the same element, or 9 signs away. For example, if Venus is 11 degrees of Scorpio in the rashi, the 1st 10 degrees will be Scorpio (water), the 2nd 10 degrees will be Pisces (water), and the last 10 degrees will be Cancer (water). Venus is in Pisces in the drekkana chart. The drekkana chart is used to fine tune issues of the 3rd house.


D-4 Chaturthamsha – values, fortunes

This chart will take a closer look at siblings, courage, energy and life force. Mars is the most important planet in this chart.


The charturtamsha chart (D-4) divides the 30 degree sign into 4 parts each 7.30 degrees. These 4 divisions are all in the same qualities (cardinal, fixed, mutable) starting with the sign the planet is in for the 1st 7.30 degrees. A planet in Cancer in the rashi divides the 1st 7.30 degrees will be in Cancer, the 2nd 7.30 degrees will be in Libra, the 3rd 7.30 degrees is in Capricorn, and the last 7.30 degrees of this sign is Aries. For example, if Mars is 12 degrees of Cancer it will be in Libra.


D-6 Shastamsha physical illness and bodily accidents

The trimshamamsha chart is used to fine tune the 6th house. It indicates accidents, health, obstacles and enemies. The Sun, Moon, Rahu and Ketu are not taken into account here. Saturn will indicate the biggest challenges.


The trimshamsha chart (D-6) divides the 30 degree sign into 5 parts each 6 degrees. The planets are calculated by the odd numbered signs the first 5 degrees are ruled by Mars (Aries), the next by Saturn (Aquarius) 8 degrees by Jupiter (Sagittarius), the next 7 degrees by Mercury (Virgo), and the last 5 degrees are ruled by Venus (Taurus). In even signs this reversed starting with Venus the 1st 5degrees.


D-7 Saptamsha – for children (fruits of marriage)

The saptamsha chart pin points issues with children, creativity, and intelligence. Jupiter is the planet to note in this chart.


The saptamsha chart (D-7) divides the 30 degree sign into 7 parts each 4.17 degrees. The divisions are divided up by if the sign is odd numbered then rulership starts with that sign. If the sign starts with an even numbered sign the rulership starts with the riling planet of the opposite sign.


D-9 Navamsha – for spouse (fruits of dharma)

This is the most important divisional chart of all. Vedic astrologers automatically compare this chart to the rashi to determine the results of a person’s life.


The navamsha chart (D-9) divides the 30 degree sign into 9 parts each 3.20 degrees. To calculate the navamsha of a planet the 1st 3.20 of a sign starts with the quality (cardinal, fixed, mutable) of the element the planet is in, then the following divisions countinue to the following signs in the zodiac regardless of quality or element. For example, if Venus is 10 degrees of Scorpio in the rashi, the first navamsha is Cancer, the 2nd navamsha is Leo, the 3rd navamsha is Virgo, the 4th navamsha is Libra, the 5th navamsha is Scorpio, the 6th navamsha is Sagittarius, the 7th navamsha is Capricorn, the 8th navamsha is quarius, and the 9th navamsha is Pisces. Venus falls in the 4th navamsha of Libra here.


D-10 Dashamsha – for power, leadership, profession, career

The dashamsha chart is referred to as the career chart for it focuses on the 10th house. It can reveal what type of career should be aspired to and what the social standing, status and ambitions are. It can indicate fame in this area as well. The planet that rules the 10th house in the rashi chart will be the most important planet to be analyzed in the ashamsha chart. This will give important clues as to what career an individual should pursue. The Sun in this chart is an important consideration, as well as the ruler of the ascendant of the rashi chart further noted in the dashamsha chart will give the indications for the career the individual is destined for and their successes within the career.


The dashamsha chart (D-10) divides the 30 degree sign into 10 divisions each 3 degrees. The odd number signs begin with the sign being divided the signs following are in their natural order. The even numbered signs begin with that the ruler of the sign then for each next division skip 9 signs further around the zodiac.


D-12 Dwadashamsha – for parents

The dwadashamsha chart (D-12) divides the 30 degree sign into 12 parts each 2.30 degrees. It starts with the ruling sign and continues through the 12 signs of the zodiac, in their natural order. This chart gives the deeper essence of the 12th house. From this chart the details of the past incarnation can be assessed, and what karmas are to be worked on in this lifetime. This is the chart for the parents for we choose them to experience certain karmas before this incarnation. We never escape the imprint of our parents or early conditioning, for this develops coping and learning skills for our future. It can reveal talents or gifts brought from past lives, as well as fears or difficulties. The most important planet to be assessed here is the Sun because the Sun is our soul essence, spirit and the ego, which must be overcome.


D-16 Shodashamsha – vehicles and their good or bad effects

The shodhashamsha chart (D-16) divides the 30 degree sign into 16 parts each 1.52’30". This chart focuses on 4th house matters especially the means of transport. I use this chart to determine when someone will buy a car. It can be used to assess any fixed assest.


D-20 Vimshamsha – for religious and spiritual development, permanent wisdom

The vimshamsha chart (D-20) divides the 30 degree sign into 20 parts each 1.30. This chart reveals the spirituality and progress possible in this lifetime.


D-24 Siddhamsha [Chaturvimshamsha]- for siddhis, And formal education

The Charturvimshamsha chart (D-24) is the 24th division of the sign each 1.15 parts. It is a deeper look at the dwadashamsha chart revealing a much closer look at spiritual abilities in this lifetime and ability to overcome the karmas of the previous lives.


D-27 Bhamsha [Nakshatra amsha] – “strengths and weaknesses”

The Saptvimshamsha chart (D-27) is the 27th division of the sign 1.6 each. In the same way the 27 nakshatras divide the zodiac this calculation divides a sign the same way. Like the nakshatras it emphasizes the personality and the strengths and weaknesses of character.


D-30 Trimshamsha – general misfortunes

The Khavedamsha chart (D-40) is the 40th division of a sign 0.45 each. It reveals the overall quality of life.


D-40 Khavedamsha – Maternal Legacy

The Akshavedamsha chart (D-45) is the 45th division of a sign 0.40 each. It is like the rashi chart exacting the degrees of the planetary placements.


D-45 Akshavedamsha – Paternal Legacy

The Akshavedamsha chart (D-45) is the 45th division of a sign 0.40 each. It is like the rashi chart exacting the degrees of the planetary placements.


D-60 Shashtyamsha – restrictions on present life fruits, through debt owed from past lives

The shastiamsha chart (D-60) is the 60th division of a sign 0.30 each. This chart is used to differentiate between twins. It is also used in electional (muhurta) astrology in India.


This was a very brief description of Varga charts or divisional charts I hope this helped you.


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